Avala is a mountain in Serbia, overlooking Belgrade. It stands at 511 metres, which means it enters the mountain category just by 11 meters.The entire area of the mountain belongs to the Belgrade City area, majority of it being in the municipality of Voždovac.
In the Middle Ages, the town of Žrnov or “Avalski Grad” (Avala town) was located on top of Avala. In 1442. it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks, which built a new town in Žrnov’s place as a counter-fortress to the Belgrade city fort, and renamed it “havale“, which originally comes from Arabic and means “obstacle” or “shelter”.
The mountain has been protected since 1859 as a “monument of nature”. That year, Prince Miloš Obrenović of Serbia issued an order for the Avala to get fenced and protected that way. Remains of the medieval Žrnov were removed in the 1934 to make a way for the Monument to the Unknown Hero (left).
In 1965, a 202 m high Avala TV Tower was constructed, one of the tallest structures in the Balkans, by the architects Uglješa Bogunović, Slobodan Janjić and M.Krstić, but it was destroyed during the NATO bombing of Serbia in 1999. The new tower is almost the exact replica of the destroyed one, including the unique three-feet base. Quite interesting that you can feel the difference of 8 degrees when you find yourself at the top of the tower.
Few words from Jelena Crkotić
For me, it is perfect place for relaxing or picnic- Avala’s nature is precious for every each of us in Belgrade- place where you can feel mountain air and get away from city noise.
There was always something new and interesitng to see. Last time I was there, near Avala tower was set the largest city model in the Balkans and exhibition of Barbie dolls.